Contact information

Bild på forskaren Ludvig Norman.

Ludvig Norman holds a PhD from Uppsala University and is Associate Senior Lecturer (Assistant professor, tenure-track) at the Department of Political Science, Stockholm University. He is Senior Fellow at the UC Berkeley Institute of European Studies where he was also Visiting Scholar 2016-2017 and has previously been Visiting Researcher at the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) in Brussels.

His research interests include European politics, populism as well as democratic responses to populism and extremism. Furthermore, Norman has studied the institutions of the European Union and, more broadly, the dynamics of international governance institutions.

In a current project Norman considers the political reactions to right-wing populism at the European level, with a specific focus on the European Parliament. The study analyses patterns of contestation in European Parliament plenary debates from the late 1990s to the present and seeks to establish when, why, and how populism is contested in this setting.

The study takes a multi-methods approach, combining both quantitative and qualitative techniques to draw conclusions about the political dynamics involving the emergence of populist parties in the EU. The study ties into questions regarding the limits of democratic political orders and theories of militant democracy, engaging with these questions in the context of an international political order like the EU. Peer-reviewed publications from this project has so far appeared in Political Studies and European Journal of Social Theory

Norman’s research on the institutional aspects of the European Union has focused on policy areas such as the EUs foreign and security policies and European judicial cooperation. He is the author of the book The Mechanisms of Institutional Conflict in the European Union (Routledge, 2017). Other work on these and related issues have appeared in the European Journal of International RelationsJournal of European Public Policy, and Cooperation and Conflict.

Norman also has a keen interest in methodology, and in particular qualitative and mixed-methods approaches to social scientific research. He is currently convener of the MA course in qualitative research methods.



2016 The Mechanisms of Institutional Conflict in the European Union (Routledge).


2018 Three Models of Democratic Self-Defence: Militant Democracy and its Alternatives Political Studies, 66(2): 442-458 (w. Anthoula Malkopoulou).

2018 Theorizing the Social Foundations of Exceptional Security Politics: Rights, Emotions and Community, Cooperation and Conflict, 53(1): 84-100.

2017 Defending the European Polity: Visions of Politics in Response to the Radical Right, European Journal of Social Theory, 20(4): 531-549.

2017 Path dependency and convergence of three worlds of welfare policy during the Great Recession: UK, Germany and Sweden, Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy, 33(1): 1-17 (w. Kiess, J. Temple, L. and Uba, K.).

2016 Conceptualizing European security cooperation: Competing international political orders and domestic factors, European Journal of International Relations, 22(4): 749-772 (w. Anna Michalski).

2015 When Norms and Rules Collide: The Social Production of Institutional Conflict in the European Union’ Journal of European Public Policy, 22(5): 630-649.

2011 Political Utilization of Scholarly Ideas: The “Clash of Civilizations” vs. “Soft Power” in US Foreign Policy, Review of International Studies, 37 (1), pp. 417-436. (w. Johan Eriksson).

Chapters in books

Forthcoming ‘European Governance of Development and Security’ chapter in Bevir, Mark and Phillips, Ryan (eds.) Decentering European Governance, Routledge. 

Forthcoming (reprint) ‘Three Models of Democratic Self-Defence: Militant Democracy and its Alternatives’ (w. Anthoula Malkopoulou) in Kirchner, A. and Malkopoulou, A. (eds.) Militant Democracy and Its Critics: Populism, Parties, Extremism. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press (Originally published in Political Studies, 66(2): 442-458.

Non-peer reviewed

Forthcoming ‘EU, populismen och Europavalet’ (EU, Populism and the European Elections) Världspolitikens dagsfrågor, Utrikespolitiska Institutet (Swedish Institute of International Affairs).

2015 Interpretive Process Tracing and Causal Explanations, Newsletter of the APSA Organized Section for Qualitative and Multi-Methods Research, 13(2): 4-9).

2015 ‘Austerity across Europe’ In Defence of Welfare II Report, Social Policy Association (co-authored with Katrin Uba and Luke A. Temple). Available at:

2014 ‘Integrated Report on Policy Responses to Crisis’ LIVEWHAT-project, (grant agreement n° 613237).