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My research is focused on fundamental problems in the relationship between public power and individual rights. Topics treated in my writings include the voting rights of various groups currently excluded in many countries (children, people with mental disabilities, irregular migrants, resident non-citizens and non-resident citizens); the measurement and conceptualization of democracy; the justification of human rights to democracy; the relationship between electoral turnout and political equality; conflicts between intergenerational democracy and justice; freedom of speech and self-censorship; the meaning of immigrant integration; liberalism and the idea of the ethically neutral state; national security and privacy rights; genetic testing and genetic privacy and the notion of political competence and the recruitment of Swedish ministers.

2010-2015 I was responsible for two research projects with funding from Riksbankens Jubileumsfond and the Swedish Research Council on how access to political rights is affected by globalization and recent developments in international law. Within these projects, I have studied the importance of residency (as opposed to citizenship) as a condition for rights to political influence, the extent and reasonableness of restrictions on voting rights for people with mental disabilities, how international courts relate to the prisoners' right to vote, and other issues.

Another current research interest is how the ideal of democracy is influenced by the growing threat of climate change. Questions explored in publications in this area is what obligations to future generations require from institutions of democracy, conflicts between the human rights of future and present generations, how collective responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions are affected by the extent of democracy, the idea of intergenerational domination, and so on.


Full list of publications

Books (monographs):

Beckman, Ludvig, 2021. All makt till folket: om en bortglömd idé, Stockholm: Fri Tanke.

Ludvig Beckman, 2011. Den rimliga integrationen, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag.

Ludvig Beckman, 2009. Frontiers of Democracy. The Right to Vote and its Limits, London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ludvig Beckman, 2005. Grundbok i idéanalys, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag.

Ludvig Beckman, 2001. The Liberal State and the politics of Virtue, (revised ed.), New Jersey: Transaction Press.

Ludvig Beckman, 2000. The Liberal State and the Politics of Virtue, Stockholm: City University Press.

Books (edited volumes):

Ludvig Beckman, (edited with Eva Erman), 2012. Territories of Citizenship, London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ludvig Beckman, (edited with Ulf Mörkenstam), 2009. Politisk teori, Stockholm: Liber.

Ludvig Beckman, (edited with Maria Carbin, Ulf Mörkenstam, Sofia Näsström, Jouni Reinikainen, Maria Wendt Höjer), 2009. Texter i samtida politisk teori, Stockholm: Liber.

Ludvig Beckman, (guest editor with Edward Page), 2008. Perspectives on Justice, Democracy and Global Climate Change, Special Issue, Environmental Politics, 17:4.

Ludvig Beckman, (edited with Emil Uddhammar (ed.), 2002. Virtues of independence and dependence on virtues, New Jersey: Transaction Press.

Ludvig Beckman, (edited with Michelle Micheletti, Emil Uddhammar, m.fl., 2001. Dygder som drivkraft och föredöme, Stockholm: City University Press.

Refereed articles:

Beckman, Ludvig,  2019. “Popular sovereignty facing the deep state. The rule of recognition and the powers of the people”, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, DOI: 10.1080/13698230.2019.1644583

Beckman, Ludvig (med Aaron Maltais och Jonas Hultin Rosenberg), 2019. “The Demos and Its Critics”. The Review of Politics, 81(3), 435-457.

Beckman, L. 2018. Democratic legitimacy does not require constitutional referendum. On ‘the constitution’ in theories of constituent power. European Constitutional Law Review, 14(3), 567-583.

Ludvig Beckman, 2018. “Personhood and legal status: reflections on the democratic rights of Corporations”, Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, 47:1, pp. 13-28.

Ludvig Beckman, 2017. “Deciding the demos: three conceptions of democratic legitimacy”, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy,

Ludvig Beckman, 2017. “Is there a moral right to vote?", Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 20 (4), 885-897.

Beckman, Ludvig. 2017. “Legal Power and the Right to Vote: Does the Right to Vote Confer Power?”, Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence, 30(1), 5–22.

Ludvig Beckman and Jonas Hultin Rosenberg, 2017. “Freedom as Non-domination and Democratic Inclusion”, Res Publica. doi:10.1007/s11158-016-9348-8

Ludvig Beckman, 2016. “Power and future people’s freedom: intergenerational domination, climate change, and constitutionalism”, Journal of Political Power, 9 (2), 289-307.

Ludvig Beckman, 2015. "Political Representation of Future Generations and Collective Responsibility", Jurisprudence, 6 (3), 516-534.

Ludvig Beckman, 2014, “Democracy and the right to exclusion”, Res Publica: A Journal of Moral and Political Philosophy, 20, (4), 395-411.

Ludvig Beckman, 2014. “The Right to Democracy and the Human Right to Vote: The Instrumental Argument Rejected”, The Journal of Human Rights, 13, (4), 381-394.

Ludvig Beckman, 2014. "The Subjects of Collectively Binding Decisions: Democratic Inclusion and Extraterritorial Law", Ratio Juris, 27, 2.

Ludvig Beckman, 2013. ”The Accuracy of Electoral Regulations: The Case of the Right to Vote by People with Cognitive Impairments”, Social Policy and Society, 13 (2), 221–233.

Ludvig Beckman, 2013. “Irregular migration and Democracy: The case for inclusion”, Citizenship Studies, 17, (1), 48-60.

Ludvig Beckman, 2012. “Democracy, national responsibility and climate change justice”, Democratization, 19, (4), 843-864.

Ludvig Beckman, 2008. “Democratic Inclusion, Law and Causes”, Ratio Juris, 21, (3), 348-364.

Ludvig Beckman, 2008. Do global climate change and the interest of future generations have implications for democracy?, Environmental Politics, (4), August, 610-624.

Ludvig Beckman, 2008. “Who should vote? Conceptualizing universal suffrage in studies of democracy”, Democratization, 15 (1), Feb 2008, 29-48.

Ludvig Beckman, 2008. “Public Justifiability and Children”, The International Journal of Children's Rights, 16 (1), 141-152.

Ludvig Beckman, 2007. “The professionalization of politics reconsideed. A study of the Swedish Cabinet 1917-2004”, Parliamentary Affairs, 60 (1), 66-83.

Ludvig Beckman, 2007. “Political equality and the disenfranchisement of people with intellectual impairments”, Social policy and Society, 6 (1), 13-23.

Ludvig Beckman, 2006. “Citizenship and voting rights: Should resident aliens vote?”, Citizenship Studies, 10 (2), 153-165.

Ludvig Beckman, 2006. “The competent Cabinet? Ministers in Sweden and the problem of competence and democracy”, Scandinavian Political Studies, 29 (2), 111-129.

Ludvig Beckman, 2005. “Democracy and genetic privacy: the value of bodily integrity”, Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 8 (1), 97-103.

Ludvig Beckman, 2004. ”Genetic privacy from Locke’s point of view”, Journal of Value Inquiry, 38 (2), 241-251.

Ludvig Beckman, 2004. ”Are genetic self-tests dangerous? Assessing the commercialization of genetic testing in terms of personal autonomy”, Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, 25 (6) 387-398.

Ludvig Beckman, 2003. ”Human dignity and legal reactions to reproductive cloning: Is the principle too vague?”, Human reproduction and genetic ethics, 9 (2), 387-398.

Ludvig Beckman, 2001. ”Rights, rights-talk and children”, Journal of Value Inquiry, 35 (4): 509-515.

Book chapters:

Ludvig Beckman, 2018. "Rösträttsåldern och demokratins avgränsningsproblem", Demokratins framtid, Katarina Barrling och Sören Holmberg (red.), Stockholm: Sveriges riksdag.

Ludvig Beckman, 2018. “Fri åsiktsbildning och yttrandefrihet som individuell rättighet”, i Bo Lindberg (red.), Opinionsfrihet och religion, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien.

Ludvig Beckman, 2018. ”Children and the right to vote”, in Gheaus, Anca, Calder, Gideon, and De Wispelaere, Jurgen, eds. The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Childhood and Children. Milton: Routledge.

Ludvig Beckman and Fredrik Uggla, 2016. “An Ombudsman for Future Generations, Legitimate and Effective”, Institutions For Future Generations,  Iñigo González-Ricoy and Axel Gosseries (red.), Oxford: Oxford University Press. 117-134

Ludvig Beckman, 2015. “Folket i demokratin”, i Raino Malnes and Dag-Einar Thorsen (red.), Demokratiet, Oslo: Dreyer.

Ludvig Beckman, 2015. “Climate Change Duties and the Human Right to Democracy”, i Aaron Maltais och Catriona McKinnon (red.), The Ethics of Climate Governance, London: Rowmand and Littelfield.

Ludvig Beckman, 2014. “Must democratic rights serve the rights-bearer? The right to vote of people with severe cognitive impairments”, in Anna Yeatman and Peg Birmingham (eds.), The Aporia of Human Rights Explorations in citizenship in the era of human rights, London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Ludvig Beckman, 2013. “Global diffusion and the role of courts in shaping the human right to vote”, in Alison Brysk (ed.), The Politics of the Globalization of Law. Getting from Rights to Justice, London: Routledge.

Ludvig Beckman, 2013. “Democracy and Future Generations. Should the unborn have a voice?”, in Jean-Christophe Merle (ed.), Spheres of Global Justice, Berlin/Paris: Springer, pp. 775-788.

Ludvig Beckman, 2012. “Is residence special? Democracy in the Age of Migration and human mobility”, in Ludvig Beckman and Eva Erman (eds.), Territories of Citizenship, London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ludvig Beckman, 2012. ”Democratization and inclusion”, in Jeffrey Haynes (ed), Routledge Handbook on Democratization, Abingdon: Routledge.

Ludvig Beckman, 2010.”De ’kunnige’ och ’erfarne’ statsråden? Demokratin och kravet på politisk kompetens”, in Jörgen Hermansson (ed.), Regeringsmakten i Sverige. Ett experiment i parlamentarism 1917-2009, Stockholm: SNS Förlag, sid. 84-106.

Ludvig Beckman, 2009. ”Jämlikhet”, in Ludvig Beckman och Ulf Mörkenstam (ed.), Politisk teori, Stockholm: Liber.

Ludvig Beckman, 2009. ”Introduktion” (with Ulf Mörkenstam), i Ludvig Beckman and Ulf Mörkenstam (ed.), Politisk teori, Stockholm: Liber.

Ludvig Beckman, 2009. ”Idéanalys” (with Carina Ljungwald), in Anna Hollander and Katarina Alexius Bergström (ed.), Juridik och rättsvetenskap i socialt arebete, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 65-75.

Ludvig Beckman, 2009. “Introduktion”, in Ludvig Beckman, Maria Carbin, Eva Erman, m.fl. (ed.), Texter i Samtida Politisk Teori, Stockholm: Liber, 170-177.

Ludvig Beckman, 2007. “Genteknik och personlig integritet”, in Kurt Almqvist and Erik Wallrup (ed.), Medvetande, genetik och samhälle, Stockholm: Atlantis.

Ludvig Beckman, 2004. ”Demokratin och debatten om de utländska medborgarnas rösträtt”, in Karin Borevi and Per Strömblad (ed.), Engagemang, mångfald och integration, Integrationspolitiska maktutredningen, SOU 2004:49.

Ludvig Beckman, 2004. ”Skyddet för den genetiska integriteten”, in Genetikens problem och möjligheter, Tommy Möller (ed.), Stockholm: Pensionsforum.

Ludvig Beckman, 2003. ”Demokrati och kompetenskrav. Barn, ungdomar och rätten till politiskt inflytande”, in Demokrati och lärande, Britta Jonsson & Klas Roth (ed.), Lund: Studentlitteratur.

Ludvig Beckman, 2002. ”Personal independence and social justice: Contradictions of liberal virtues?” in Ludvig Beckman and Emil Uddhammar (ed.), 2002. Virtues of independence and dependence on virtues, New Jersey: Transaction Press.

Ludvig Beckman, 2001. ”Sustainability and liberal values” in John Barry and Marcel Wissenburg (red), Sustaining Liberal Democracy, London: Palgrave.

Ludvig Beckman, 2001. ”Barnkonventionen och den svenska grundlagen”, in Göran Gunner and Sia Åkermark (ed.), Mänskliga rättigheter - Forskningsperspektiv, Stockholm: Justus Förlag.

Ludvig Beckman, 1999. ”Föräldrars dygder och barns rätigheter”, in Emil Uddhammar and Patrik Aspers (ed.), Framtidens Dygder. Etik i praktiken, Stockholm: City University Press, s 324-351.

Ludvig Beckman,  1997. “Going native or being a coloniser? Liberalism and the possibility of cultural criticism”, in Erik Peurell and Ewa Hemmungs-Wirtén (ed.), The interpretation of Culture and the Culture of Interpretation, Uppsala: Avdelningen för Litteratursociologi, s 115-132.

Articles in non-reviewed journals:

Ludvig Beckman, Ulf Mörkenstam and Jouni Reinikainen, 2016. “Popular Sovereignty, globalization and political rights”, Portugese Journal of Political Science, No. 6, pp. 155-178.

Ludvig Beckman, (with Ulf Mörkenstam), 2010. ”’Vad kan politiska teoretiker som någon har det minsta nytta av?’ Om normativ politisk teori och politisk praktik”, Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 112:5, 363-374.

Ludvig Beckman, 2006. ”Idékritik och statsvetenskapens nytta”, Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 108:4, 331-342.

Ludvig Beckman, 2006, ”Godtagbart i ett demokratiskt samhälle? De hemliga tvångsmedlen och rätten till personlig integritet”, Svensk Juristtidning, 91:1, 1-22.

Ludvig Beckman, 2004. ”Demokrati och genetisk integritet”, Svensk Juristtidning, 89:5/6, 487-503.

Ludvig Beckman, 2004. ”Krishantering och legitimitet”, Politologen, Nr 1, 15-24.

Ludvig Beckman, 2000. ”Om tvivel dogmer och den neutrala staten”, Tidskrift för Politisk Filosofi, Nr 3.

Ludvig Beckman, 1997. ”Konventioner, kultur och kritik”, Filosofisk Tidskrift, Nr 3, s 22-28.

Ludvig Beckman, 1997. ”Charles Taylor och den sociala tesen. Är kommunitarismen förenlig med liberalismen?”, Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 100:2, s 177-197.


Ludvig Beckman, 2016. Självcensur, yttrandejämlikhet och yttrandefrihet, Konstnärsnämndens skriftserie 2016:2.

Ludvig Beckman, 2009. Demokratipolitikens metoder. Insatser för ett ökat valdeltagande – en kunskapsöversikt, Rapporter från Riksdagen, RFR 2008/09:15, Konstitutionsutskottet, Sveriges Riksdag.

Ludvig Beckman, 2003. Demokratin och mordet på Anna Lindh, Stockholm: Krisberedskapsmyndigheten.

Academic Reviews:

Ludvig Beckman, 2004. ”Fairness. The theory and practice of distributive justice”, Review of Metaphysics.

Ludvig Beckman, 2002. ”Review of Kant and Modern Political Philosophy”, Theoria, Nr 2.

Ludvig Beckman, 1998.”Just Institutions Matter”, Tidskrift för Politisk Filosofi, Nr 3, s 52-62.