Contact information

Current research project

Globalization and its discontent: Coca-Cola in India – a study of civil society as a platform for political protest

Trans-national corporations have during the last decade entered India and in many senses changed the terms for both workers and producers. This has resulted in protests against individual companies and against globalization as such, especially amongst NGOs within civil society. This project includes two case studies of campaigns against the Coca-Cola Company in India, which focuses on the alleged environmental damages caused by the production of soft drinks. The first case is that of Mehdiganj in eastern Uttar Pradesh where production has continued despite a long campaign against the company, while the second case covers the events in Plachimada in northern Kerala, where popular protests resulted in the closure of the plant. How is civil society used as platform for political struggles against global economic interests? Why have some struggles been successful while others have failed?

The study is conducted in co-operation with the Dept. of Political Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.



2004, Hindu Nationalism and Democracy, (Shipra Publications: New Delhi).

2003, Gender, Religion and Democracy (red.) with Kopola, Nelli, (PODSU: Stockholm)

2000, Dissertation: Hindu Nationalism and Democracy: A Study of the Political Theory and Practice of the Bharatiya Janata Party, Stockholm University.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

2017, ”Civil society and political protest in India: The case of Coca-Cola in Kerala”, India Review, Vol. 16, nr 3, 324-343. ISSN 1473-6489, E-ISSN 1557-3036

2015, “Media and Nationalism in India: Reflections on the Narendra Modi Government”, Asian Politics and policy, Vol 7, Issue 3.

2015, “The Popular Struggle against Coca-Cola in Plachimada, Kerala”,
Journal of Developing Societies, 31,  June 2015, (with Sofia Helander).

2015, “Corporate Social Responsibility through Cross-sector Partnerships: Implications for Civil Society, the State, and the Corporate Sector in India” Business and Society Review, Volume 120, Issue 2, (with Hede Skagerlind, H. and Westman, M).

2011, "Hindu Nationalism and Gender: A Challenge to the Indian Women's Movement", International Feminist Journal of Politics, Volume 13, Number 13.1, March 2011.

2009, ”Including Women: Strategies of Mobilization within the Hindu nationalist movement”, India Review, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2009.

2009, “Gender Relations and Democracy: The Conflict between Hindu Nationalist and Secular Forces in Indian Civil Society”, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Volume 15, Issue 2 April 2009.

Book chapters

2017, “Protest and Participation: The Popular Struggle against Coca-Cola at Plachimada (Kerala)” in India's Tryst with Democracy: Changing Contours of Politics, Economy and Society / [ed] Shashikant Pandey, New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company.

2012, “Gender, Religion and Transition: The Struggle Against the Hindu nationalist Redefinition of Womanhood”, in Comparisons, Quotas and Critical Change, Lenita Freidenvall and Michele Micheletti, (Department of Political Science (ed.), Stockholm University: Stockholm).

2011, "Introduction" in Power to the People? (Con-)Tested Civil Society in Search of Democracy, Heidi Moksnes and Mia Melin (ed.), (Uppsla Centre for Sustainable Development, Uppsala).

2011, “The Global constitution of religious nationalism: Hindutva and globalization”, in Religion, Politics and Globalization, Galina Lindquist and Don Handelman (red.), (Berghahn Books: New York and Oxford).

2010, “Hindu Political Thought” in The Encyclopedia of Political Science, (CQ Press/SAGE Publications: Washington D.C.

2005, ”Hindu Nationalism and the Quest for a Uniform Civil Code” i The Politics of group Rights – The State and Multiculturalism, Ishtiaq Ahmed (ed.), (University Press of America: Lanham).

2004, ”Civil Society and Democracy” i, Democracy, Labour and Politics in Africa and Asia: Essays in honour of Bjorn Beckman, Gavin Williams (ed.), (Centre for Research and Documentation: Kano, Nigeria).

2003, "The Shah Bano Case - Cultural Nationalism and Communitarianism in Indian Politics" i Gender, Religion and Democracy, Berglund, Henrik och Kopola, Nelli (red.), 2003, (PODSU:Stockholm).

1995, "Den liberala demokratins sammansättning", i Lindensjö, Bo, Liberalism och relativism - liberalismen och dess kritiker, (Lund: Studentlitteratur).

Other articles

2010, ”Globalization the Indian Way: the popular struggle against Coca-Cola”, IKON Occasional Paper Series, 1/2010, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

2009, ”Civil Society in India: democratic space or extension of elite domination?”, Working Papers, 2009:1, Department of Political Science, Stockholm University.

2004, "Religion and Nationalism - Politics of the BJP", March 6, Economic and Political Weekly.

2003, "Hindunationalistisk extremism inom indisk politik", Orientaliska studier, nr. 111.

1997, "Hindunationalismen: En analys av Bharatiya Janata Party", Internationella Studier, nr. 2.